Latest News

Why is my eye twitching?
Have you ever felt a twitching sensation in your eye? Were you sure everyone was looking at you because of it? Worried i...
What Kind of Eye Correction Do I Need fo...
There are many options available to adults and children when it comes to wearing corrective lenses (glasses and contacts...
What are the risk factors for dry eye?
Millions of people are affected by dry eye syndrome and the prevalence of dry eye increases with age. An estimated 3.2 m...
Choosing The Right Eyeglass Frames For Y...
Choosing a new pair of eyeglasses can be a daunting task. Making a decision on what style glasses you will be wearing...
What is a freckle in the back of my eye?
Choroidal nevus is the fancy word for a freckle in the back of the eye. This lesion arises from a collection of cells...

Glaucoma, often referred to as “the silent thief of sight”, can occur with no warning signs, pain or symptoms. It affects 3 million people in the United States and has caused blindness in over 120,000 people. Glaucoma cannot be cured, but if detected early can be managed to limit its effects.

Glaucoma usually occurs when there is an increase of pressure within your eye, but can occur with normal eye pressure as well. This pressure causes damage to the optic nerve, which is the weakest part of your eye, leading to decreased peripheral vision and possibly blindness.

Your eye is divided into two chambers, the anterior chamber at the front of the eye, and the posterior chamber at the back. A fluid, called the aqueous humor, is produced by the cilliary body and circulates between the two chambers to clean and nourish your eye. Once it reaches the edge of your iris it leaves the eye through an opening called the trabecular meshwork.

With glaucoma, more fluid is produced than can be removed, which leads to an increase in pressure in the anterior chamber. Eventually the pressure throughout your eye increases, exerting force on the neural fibers of your optic nerve. Over time this causes damage to the optic nerve, which leads to partial or total vision loss.

There are a number of risk factors for glaucoma including age, ethnicity, family history, and certain medical disorders such as diabetes. If you are at a higher risk for glaucoma be sure and consult with your eye care provider regularly to increase your chance of early detection.